The Pays de Nay has very beautiful pastures as well as summer pastures with tender and fat grasses allowing for high quality breeding. Whether the animals are bred for their milk or their meat, the exceptional side of the local varieties has long been recognised and protected by breeds bred in Béarn and Bigorre.
The "Béarnaise" is a breed mainly used for milk production. The milk is mainly used for the production of a mixed cow-sheep cheese. Then there is the old breed "Blonde des Pyrénées", now called "Blonde d'Aquitaine". It is a stocky meat breed, with powerful and plump muscles. Genetically created with several cow branches in the 1970s, it is very well adapted for mountain walking, they are lively animals, particularly at ease on rough terrain. Finally, there is the "Gascon", a mixed breed, which is used both for milk production and as a meat breed.
In the Pays de Nay, enthusiasts breed these hardy breeds of cattle and produce this superior quality meat.
This breed was on the verge of extinction about thirty years ago, but thanks to the action of passionate breeders throughout France, the numbers are increasing again. Its adaptation to the mountain environment is perfectly obvious. Whether they are black, white or brown, they certainly do not lack charm with their long-haired coat. They are said to be in a bellicose mood and they perfectly illustrate the famous Béarn saying " Toque si gauses " (touch it if you dare!).
In the Pays de Nay, it is at the Lahilhanne farm, in Saint Abit, that the ancient breed of Pyrenean Goats is discovered: a conservatory herd of this rare breed is raised there in the heart of traditional buildings dating from the 17th and 18th centuries.